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THE 82nd WEST AFRICAN DIVISION

CLICK HERE for the Personnel Pages

Photograph Div HQ Officers - Click Here

CLICK HERE for the Divisional Structure

The Badge of this Unit was.

Two Spears on a Native Carriers Headband set on a Yellow Shield

History

They were dispatched to India in July 1944, serving as part of the "Fourteenth Army", they joined up with the 81st West African Division in the assault on Myowaung & the Victorious advance through Burma that led to the Liberation of Mandalay & Rangoon, & consequently Burma. 

They were COMMANDED by

Maj/Gen H.G. Stockwell (D.S.O.)

WINTER 1995 EDITION OF DEKHO!  - Page 48

THE 82nd(WEST AFRICAN)DIVISON. ROYAL WEST AFRICAN FRONTIER FORCE

THE 82nd (W.A.) Division (the two original Nigerian and Gold Coast brigades, which had fought in the East African Campaign, Abyssinia, plus the newly formed Nigerian 4th Brigade, a Gold Coast battery, two Nigerian batteries and the Auxiliary (Carrier) Groups), arrived in India in January 1944. It had been preceded by the 81st (W.A.) Division consisting of the 3rd Nigerian Brigade which, in fact, was to serve outstandingly with the Chindits, the 5th Gold Coast Brigade and the 6th Brigade com­prising one battalion each from Nigeria , Sierra Leone and the Gambia .

After a pause for re-equipping and further training, 82 Div. moved into the Arakan in November as part of XV Corps, for the offensive to clear the Japanese from central Burma and recapture Ran­goon . From the Kalapanzin Valley its task was to move down the Mayu Peninsula , then link up with 81 Div. which, in the first move of the offensive, had been pushing across the mountainous terrain of the Kaladan Valley . Although most of the men came from the open grass country of the northern regions of West Africa , they were still quick to adapt to jungle warfare conditions. Both divisions fought hard and persuasively over the hilly, forested and sodden terrain, pushing their foe ever south­wards, with the object of eliminating them from the Myochaung area. Towards the end of January 1945 fierce opposition had been overcome when elements of both divisions were heavily engaged, par­ticularly the 1st Nigerian Brigade. On the 24th January Myochaung fell to 81 Div. then supported by two brigades of the 82nd Div. Operations were to continue relentlessly southwards.

For 82nd Div., dependent on air supply, there followed the pursuit of the enemy through the mountainous and difficult country. Retreating parties of Japanese retaliated strenuously. As hill features and ridges were fought over, the enemy proved as reluctant as ever to give ground. After confused fighting 2nd Brigade (Gold Coast) worked towards Kangaw when it came under the com­mand of 25 (Indian) Division. Heavy fighting followed but resistance was soon overcome. At the same time, in their parallel advance further to the east, 1st and 4th (Nigerian) Brigades were engaged in bitter fighting, suffering considerable casualties in overcoming the opposition before the way was opened to Kaw and later Kyweguseik(22nd Feb.) The heavily congested operation, when 4th Brigade lost two of its commanding officers, continued into March by when, after linking up with Indian units, both the area of the Dalet Chaung and the enemy supply base of Tamandu, were reached.

The next objective for 82nd Div. was the Japanese northern group, known to be occupying a strongly fortified position near AN, in a straight line from Tamandu, some 17 miles to the south east.

The ‘road to AN’, no more than river crossings, the search for routes across the interminable hills, moving along razor-backed ridges, with tracks to be cut and graded, was as anticipated heavily contested. With the reduction in air supply, reliance fell wholly on the carrier battalions who were soon required to head-load all supplies. The Japanese were receiving reinforcements. The 2nd Brigade (Gold Coast) firmly based at Letrnauk came under pressure, suffering many casualties including the British Commander and Brigade Major amongst the wounded. Though the Gold Coast battalions repulsed all attacks and kept up offensive patrols, the position became untenable. Under cover of 1st (Nigerian) Brigade, the main body withdrew on the 13th April. Long distance patrols kept up the pressure on the enemy now occupying Letmauk and AN, culminating in the Japanese withdrawal on the 13th May when elements of 1st Brigade re-occupied AN.

In the coastal belt of Southern Arakan the enemy had to be cleared particularly from the Taun­gup Pass on the road to Prome. In April. 82 Div. with the East African 22nd Brigade under command, had been moving south from Tamandu when it encountered slight, if spirited, opposition. By the end of May enemy resistance had been overcome and the Division had settled in monsoon quarters, with Divisional HQs and 1st Brigade in the Kindaungyyi area, 2nd Brigade at Taungup and 4th Brigade at Sandoway. Both West African Divisions had excelled at their tasks. Their casualties had been the heaviest of XV Corps. The total killed, wounded and missing in the Corps (including Corps Troops and 22 (E.A.) Brigade) was 5,093, out of which the equivalent casualty figures for the West African and Indian Divisions were: 81st (W.A.) Div — 438: 25 (Indian) Div. — 1,374: 82nd (W.A.) Div. — 2,085:

26 (Indian) Div. — 606. A modest estimate of Japanese casualties, including prisoners (129) over the same period, totals 9,353.

Together with its vital ancillary units the 82nd Division had joined action on the 14th December 1944 . On the conclusion of operations in May 1945, its brigades had covered despite the appalling terrain and conditions: 1st Brigade ( Nigeria ) 285 miles; 2nd Brigade (Gold Coast) 274 miles; 4th Brigade ( Nigeria ) 428 miles, the Recce Regt 282 miles. Throughout these operations the ‘carrier’ Auxiliary Groups had played a vital and prominent role.

All West African units had departed from Asia for good during 1946. Of their comrades who were left behind, inevitably some rested in unmarked graves by jungle tracks. Some (the sick and battle casualties) rested in isolated graves or cemeteries in Burma and India, with others at the larger cemeteries of Burma such as Dalet Chaung near Tamandu, the Taukyan War Cemetery, or are remembered at the War Memorial in Rangoon.               E.C. Lanning (2554)

HELP. Any visitor visiting Malaya , and War Graves. If they visit War graves at Taiping, could they take a photo of War Grave of Private George Williams, 6147543, 2nd Batt. East Surreys . Plot 1, Row K, Grave 19, Taiping War Cemetery . Taiping is 97 kiloms South East of Penang, N.W. of Malaya. His widow is unfit to travel, but would like photo. Contact ELK. Perkins, 15 The Shrublands, Potters Bar, Herts EN6 2BN. All costs will be refunded.

 

 

 

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NORMAN COTTON Keith Cotton is seeking information on his Uncle Norman.  If you remember him, could you please CLICK HERE
Corporal Michael (Bill) Cody
3rd West African Engineers
Family seeking information. Please CLICK HERE if you remember Bill
LT J P SWAIN Jim is alive and well in Tazmania and sends a letter the contents of which are HERE
CPL HAROLD TURNER We are trying to find old comrades who may have known Harold. Click Here if you can help
 BILL COWELL Grandson seeking information - please e-mail melling21@supanet.com if you can help
VICTOR (JACK) ATHERTON 4 Bde Workshop 82 W.A. Div.  Seeking old mates. CLICK HERE
BRIAN BUSBY Same unit as Jack above, again CLICK HERE to continue
CAPT CHARLES HAYNES - 7th Bn Nigeria Regiment & Chindit  If you remember Capt Haynes, please CLICK HERE
CPL FRANCIS MCCULLOCH If you knew Cpl McCullough, please CLICK HERE
SGT RUPERT (RUBE) MAYNE If you remember Rube, can you please CLICK HERE
CAPT KEN YOUNG Trying to contact old friends.  Please CLICK HERE for details
CAPT W.T.T.H. WHITE Can you help Capt White's daughter with information. Please CLICK HERE 
FLETCHER R.A. Member of the Wigston & District Branch of the Burma Star Association
 

 

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DIVISIONAL COMMANDERS
MAJ/GEN G. Mc. I.I. Scott-Bruce (O.B.E. M.C.)

MAJ/GEN  H.C. Stockwell (O.B.E. D.S.O.)
MAJ/GEN  C.R.A. Swynnerton (D.S.O.)

Headquarters Brigade

Divisional Artillery
1st. 2nd. 4th. Light Fld Regt (Royal Artillery)

1st West African Brigade
1st Btn Nigerian Rifles
3rd Btn Nigerian Rifles
5th Btn Nigerian Rifles
COMMANDED by

Brig. C.R.A.Swynnerton (D.S.O.)
Brig. F.W. Clowes

2nd West African Brigade
2nd Btn Gold Coast Rifles
3rd Btn Gold Coast Rifles
4th Btn Gold Coast Rifles
COMMANDED by
Brig. E.W.O. Western (D.S.O.)
Brig. A.T. Wilson-Brand

4th West African Brigade
8th Btn  Nigerian Rifles
9th Btn Nigerian Rifles
10th Btn Nigerian Rifles
COMMANDED by
Brig. H. Gibbons (M.C.)
Brig. A.H.G. Ricketts (O.B.E. D.S.O.)
Brig. H.G. Stockwell (C.B.E. D.S.O.) later Maj/Gen.

West African Service Corps
82nd Divisional Trt Coy
1st. 2nd. 4th. G.P. Coy's

Medical Services
1st. 2nd. 4th. Fld Ambulances
1st. 2nd. 4th. Hygenic Coy's

82nd Division Provost Unit

82nd Division Signals Unit 

 

                         

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MAPS OF BURMA
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Read about
THE KOHIMA EPITAPH
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Diary 1941-46

Battle Memories

 

Examples of WWII Japanese
propaganda 
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Thanbyuzayat War cemetery
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A Nurses Story Click here